Akwai Gibi A Cikin Kasuwar Wutar Lantarki, Kuma Misalin Shortanƙanin lyaukarwa Zai Ci gaba

Kasuwar wutan lantarki, wanda ya fadi a shekarar da ta gabata, ya samu sauyi sosai a wannan shekarar.
"A farkon rabin shekarar, wayoyinmu na zana kayan masarufi sun yi karanci." Kamar yadda ratar kasuwa a wannan shekara ta kusan tan 100,000, ana sa ran wannan ƙatatacciyar alaƙar tsakanin wadata da buƙata za ta ci gaba.

An fahimci cewa tun daga watan Janairun wannan shekarar, farashin zafin wutan lantarki yana ta hauhawa a koyaushe, daga kimanin yuan 18,000 a farkon shekarar zuwa kusan yuan / tan 64,000 a halin yanzu, tare da karuwar 256%. A lokaci guda, coke na allura, a matsayin mafi mahimman kayan albarkatun lantarki, ya zama cikin ƙarancin aiki, kuma farashinsa na ta hauhawa gabaki ɗaya, wanda ya karu da fiye da 300% idan aka kwatanta shi da farkon shekara.
Buƙatar masana'antun ƙarfe masu ƙarfi suna da ƙarfi

Gradeite lantarki yafi yin man coke da allurar coke a matsayin albarkatun kasa da kwal kwalta a matsayin mai ɗaure, kuma galibi ana amfani da shi a cikin wutar makera na ƙarfe mai narkewa, wutar baka, wutar makera mai juriya, da dai sauransu. 80% na yawan amfani da grade lantarki.
A cikin 2016, saboda raguwar aikin sarrafa ƙarfe na EAF, ƙimar ingancin kamfanonin carbon ta ƙi. Bisa kididdigar da aka yi, jimillar adadin tallace-tallace na wutan lantarki a kasar Sin ta ragu da kashi 4.59% a shekara-shekara a shekarar 2016, kuma yawan asarar da aka yi na manyan kamfanonin lantarki guda goma sun kai yuan miliyan 222. Kowane kamfani na carbon yana yaƙi da farashi don kiyaye kasonsa na kasuwa, kuma farashin tallace-tallace na ƙarancin lantarki yana ƙasa da farashin.

An juya wannan yanayin a wannan shekara. Tare da zurfafa gyare-gyaren samar da kayayyaki, masana'antar ƙarfe da ƙarfe na ci gaba da ɗagawa, kuma "tsiri karfe" da tsaka-tsakin tsaka-tsakin tsaka-tsakin an tsabtace su sosai kuma an gyara su a wurare daban-daban, buƙatar wutar lantarki a cikin masana'antun ƙarfe ya karu da sauri, saboda haka yana buƙatar buƙatar wayoyin zafin hoto, tare da ƙididdigar buƙatar shekara shekara ta tan 600,000.

A halin yanzu, akwai kamfanoni sama da 40 wadanda ke da karfin samar da wutar lantarki wanda ya wuce tan 10,000 a kasar Sin, tare da karfin samar da kimanin tan miliyan 1.1. Koyaya, saboda tasirin masu binciken kare muhalli a wannan shekarar, kamfanonin samar da wutan lantarki a cikin lardin Hebei, Shandong da Henan suna cikin yanayin ƙarancin samarwa da dakatar da samarwa, kuma ana kiyasta samar da wutan lantarki na shekara-shekara kusan tan 500,000.
"Rashin gibin kasuwar na kimanin tan 100,000 ba za a iya warware shi ta kamfanonin da ke kara karfin samar da kayayyaki ba." Ning Qingcai ya ce samar da kayayyakin zafin lantarki na galibi ya fi watanni biyu ko uku, kuma tare da tsarin kara jari, yana da wahala a kara karfin a cikin gajeren lokaci.
Kamfanonin carbon sun rage kerawa kuma sun rufe, amma bukatar kamfanonin karafa na karuwa, wanda hakan ke haifar da wutan lantarki wanda ya zama masarufi a cikin kasuwa, kuma farashin sa yana ta tashi gaba daya. A halin yanzu, farashin kasuwa ya karu da sau 2.5 idan aka kwatanta da watan Janairun bana. Wasu kamfanonin ƙarfe dole ne su biya tun kafin su sami kayan.

A cewar masu ba da labari na masana'antu, idan aka kwatanta da wutar makera, ƙarfe wutar makera na lantarki ya fi ceton makamashi, mai sauƙin yanayi da ƙananan carbon. Tare da kasar Sin ta shiga karyewar ragowar, karafa wutar wutar lantarki za ta sami ci gaba sosai. An kiyasta cewa ana sa ran adadinsa a cikin jimlar yawan ƙarfe ya karu daga 6% a 2016 zuwa 30% a 2030, kuma buƙatar wayoyin gratiite har yanzu yana da girma a nan gaba.
Increaseara farashin farashin kayan albarkatun ƙasa ba ya ragu

Increaseara farashin mai zafin lantarki an watsa shi cikin sauri zuwa tashar masana'antar. Tun farkon wannan shekara, farashin manyan kayan albarkatun kasa don samar da carbon, kamar su coke na man fetur, kwaltar kwal, kwaltar calcined da allurar coke, ya tashi koyaushe, tare da ƙarin ƙaruwa sama da 100%.
Shugaban sashen siyan kayayyakinmu ya bayyana shi da "tashi". A cewar wanda ke kula da shi, a kan karfafa wajan yanke hukunci, kamfanin ya dauki matakai kamar saye a farashi mai rahusa da kuma kara kaya don jimre da karin farashin da kuma tabbatar da samarwa, amma karuwar kayan albarkatun kasa shi ne nesa da tsammani.
Daga cikin kayan masarufi masu tasowa, allura coke, a matsayin babban albarkatun lantarki na grade, yana da karuwar farashi mafi girma, tare da mafi girman farashin da ya tashi da kashi 67% a rana daya kuma sama da 300% a cikin rabin shekara. Sananne ne cewa coke din allura yana da sama da kashi 70% na jimlar kudin lantarki, kuma kayan da suke dauke da karfin karfin wutan lantarki an hada su ne da coke mai allura, wanda yake cin tan 1,05 na tan daya na hoto mai karfin gaske lantarki.
Hakanan ana iya amfani da coke na allura a batirin lithium, ikon nukiliya, sararin samaniya da sauran fannoni. Aan kasuwa ne ƙanana a cikin gida da waje, kuma mafi yawansu sun dogara ne da shigo da kayayyaki zuwa China, kuma farashinsa ya kasance mai tsada. Don tabbatar da samarwar, kamfanonin samar da wutan lantarki sun zube daya bayan daya, wanda hakan ya haifar da ci gaba da karuwar farashin coke.
An fahimci cewa ƙananan kamfanoni ne ke samar da allurar coke a cikin China, kuma mutane a cikin masana'antar sun yi imanin cewa ƙarin farashin alama ita ce babbar murya. Kodayake ribar da wasu masana'antun masana'antar ke samu sun inganta ƙwarai, haɗarin kasuwa da tsadar aiki na ƙananan masana'antun carbon suna ƙaruwa.


Post lokaci: Jan-25-2021